24시출장샵
  • 정읍시흥동 안마방
  • 전주출장샵
  • 온라인카지노
  • 김천등 마사지
  • 정읍출장안마✓24시출장샵⇪정읍레즈 안마방<정읍출장업소>⇄(정읍스타 안마방)✯정읍송강동 마사지☈정읍안마방 입문◎정읍고시촌 안마방╯정읍허리통증 마사지╩정읍잠실 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    진주출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    정읍출장안마↸예약금없는출장샵◆정읍레즈 안마방<정읍출장 마사지 후기>◦(정읍연수동 안마방)↿정읍후두 마사지◘정읍명동 마사지➶정읍안마방 아이돌“정읍스타 안마방↨정읍소프 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 고창부산 안마방 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    정읍출장안마♩예약↓정읍레즈 안마방<정읍북창동 후기>♐(정읍안마방 시간제)◎정읍안마방 키스⇀정읍안산 마사지 추천┆정읍안마방 키스☢정읍한국 안마방♟정읍익산 안마방

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    정읍출장안마✲예약금없는출장샵▤정읍레즈 안마방<정읍마사지 수면실>♡(정읍대구 여관)♟정읍목포 안마방♘정읍세부 마사지ξ정읍승모근 마사지↼정읍사당역 안마방☏정읍콜걸만남

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 카지노사이트 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    정읍출장안마◊예약금없는출장샵↼정읍레즈 안마방<정읍아스카 키라라 마사지>○(정읍모텔 마사지)♨정읍김해 마사지⇋정읍대학동 마사지☻정읍출장마사지 후기☎정읍구로 마사지⇪정읍출장마사지

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 포항토렌트 안마방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    정읍출장안마♣예약☍정읍레즈 안마방<정읍검단 안마방>.(정읍수원 마사지)┗정읍폼롤러 마사지✗정읍마스카 안마방┤정읍천안역 근처 모텔◐정읍안마방 안마♘정읍해운대 출장

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 온라인카지노 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    정읍출장안마정읍출장마사지

  • 파주역삼동 마사지
  • 정읍일산 타이 마사지
  • 정읍출장안마
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    정읍출장안마ヒ예약금없는출장샵⊙정읍레즈 안마방<정읍신데렐라 안마방>┪(정읍구미 모텔 추천)1정읍남자 출장 마사지ス정읍가산 안마방┯정읍괌 마사지 팔러♖정읍유부녀 마사지╠ 정읍하동 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 인제마사지 크림 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, mycamp.xyz . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    울산출장안마
    동두천안마방 김치남 카지노사이트 강원도오피스 방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 카지노사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    정읍출장안마◥예약금없는출장샵✓정읍레즈 안마방<정읍아로마 마사지 팬티>☠(정읍마누라 마사지)☪정읍안와상융기 마사지♗정읍강원 랜드 근처 마사지☠정읍중국 마사지 가격▪정읍안면 비대칭 마사지┋정읍구로 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 하남중국 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    정읍출장안마↕예약금없는출장샵╮정읍레즈 안마방<정읍안마방 애무>♪(정읍안마방 마무리)┏정읍서울 마사지◣정읍코 마사지 전후♣정읍성인마사지☺정읍진주 가격☆정읍범일동 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 창원출장안마 .

    산청한국야동 안마방
    목포일반인 마사지 torrent 군산출장샵 충청북도콜걸출장안마
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    정읍출장안마☆예약금없는출장샵✑정읍레즈 안마방<정읍울산 삼산동 안마방>┫(정읍안마방 퇴폐)☆정읍신천 모텔ソ정읍섹슈얼 마사지.정읍렉시벨 마사지┅정읍광명 안마방♩정읍안마방 에이즈

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 전주출장샵 .

    정읍출장안마┳출장부르는법⊕정읍레즈 안마방<정읍방콕 에스코트>♪ (정읍동해 마사지)☽정읍고양이 변비 마사지┎정읍대전 여관↖정읍두정동 안마방➠정읍전민동 마사지➺정읍조건

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 대구출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 통영포천 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    정읍출장안마↿출장부르는법↖정읍레즈 안마방<정읍안와상융기 마사지>ヌ(정읍장 마사지)⇅정읍정자 안마방┲정읍미금역 안마방⇥정읍김해 출장 샵↳정읍에이스 안마방⇢정읍콜걸

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    정읍출장안마♠예약↳정읍레즈 안마방<정읍일본식 마사지>➼(정읍video.fc2.com 마사지)♭정읍다방 콜⊙정읍김포 안마방エ정읍카오산로드 마사지ζ정읍세븐 안마방◑정읍안마방 야간

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 옥천인계동 안마방 후기 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 온라인카지노 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 온라인카지노 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 군포안마방 전화번호 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 온라인카지노 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    정읍출장안마-출장부르는법γ정읍레즈 안마방<정읍창원 봉곡동 안마방>コ(정읍안마방 나무)☢정읍김연아 안마방✈정읍태평역 안마방フ정읍관자놀이 마사지☲정읍지행 안마방█정읍안마방 가격

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 서울출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 서울출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 카지노사이트 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    정읍출장안마┆예약☍정읍레즈 안마방<정읍평촌 안마방>⇞(정읍안마방 스텝)➷정읍나주 안마방↗정읍대구 안마방 후기↠정읍영화 히든 토렌트┺정읍동대구역 마사지╅정읍안마방 썰만화

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    횡성섹스 마사지
    dhc2016.xyz 의정부아쿠아 마사지 젤 카지노사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    정읍출장안마┱예약0정읍레즈 안마방<정읍성남 안마방>↦(정읍마사지 수면)テ정읍안마방 24시간❉정읍오일 마사지 야동↰정읍하노이 마사지♀정읍사각턱 마사지✄정읍주안 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.정읍출장안마정읍마사지 볼◄정읍휴게텔 안마방⇚(정읍응암동 마사지)정읍동네 안마방♨정읍아산 마사지☯정읍여성 마사지♠정읍경동맥 마사지♞대전출장샵출장부르는법정읍범계역 안마방┙정읍용원 안마방•「정읍속초 마사지」정읍동대구역 여관シ정읍슈얼 마사지μ정읍피로회복을 위한 건강 마사지▣정읍보령 안마방❧정읍출장안마구례강서구청 안마방정읍엘프 마사지⊕정읍출장 만남 대행╉‹정읍대구 아로마 마사지›정읍응암동 마사지■정읍울산 삼산동 출장┇정읍의정부 여관└정읍전주 타이 마사지♛정읍흉부 마사지♧정읍코타키나발루 마사지➹<정읍해운대 출장>정읍창원 출장 숙소☞정읍러시아 안마방☻정읍부산 타이 마사지π정읍대구 전립선 마사지♟정읍크라운제이 안마방☆정읍범일동 마사지❂《정읍타이마사지 추천》정읍안마방 시스템コ정읍안중 모텔♥정읍안마방 예약♬정읍목동 안마방✒정읍송우리 안마방┛정읍전북 안마방♭(정읍출장샵추천)정읍일본식 안마방₪정읍의정부 마사지✄정읍안마방 대물➳정읍모텔 젤┯예약철원야동 안마방예약금없는출장샵정읍마사지 노모ツ정읍홍성 안마방┧〖정읍천안 출장〗정읍뒷목 마사지⇪정읍안마방 파워배드╗정읍어깨 결림 마사지♚정읍스웨디시 마사지 단점κ정읍출장안마정읍출장안마바카라사이트정읍뱃살 마사지정읍안마방 카운터정읍출장 오피정읍러시아 마사지정읍출장안마정읍커플 마사지 후기▼정읍안마방 알바 단속▤﹝정읍논산 안마방﹞정읍암사동 마사지☄정읍출장맛사지☂정읍원룸 출장θ정읍출장만족보장┓수원고주파 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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